Diseases & conditions A-Z List
Diseases & Conditions A-Z List - «T»:
Tay-Sachs - resources
The following organizations provide information on Tay-Sachs disease:
Genetic Alliance - www.geneticalliance.org
National Tay-Sachs and Allied Diseases Association - www.ntsad.org
National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) - www.rarediseases.org
Resources - Tay-Sachs...
Tay-Sachs disease is a deadly disease of the nervous system passed down through families.
Tay-Sachs disease occurs when the body lacks hexosaminidase A, a protein that helps break down a chemical found in nerve tissue called gangliosides. Without this protein, gangliosides, particularly gang...
Teething is the growth of teeth through the gums in the mouth of infants and young children.
Teething usually begins when a baby is between 6 and 8 months old. More teeth grow in from time to time until all 20 baby, or deciduous, teeth are in place. These teeth are normally in place by ...
Telangiectasias are small blood vessels on the skin. They are usually meaningless, but may be associated with several diseases.
Telangiectasias may develop anywhere within the body but can be easily seen in the skin, mucous membranes, and whites of the eyes. Usually, they do not caus...
Watching television is an experience shared by the vast majority of children and adults. It is convenient, inexpensive, available, and attractive. Television can be enormously entertaining for children and can teach them some things, but too frequently it is used as a substitute for other activities...
Temper tantrums are disruptive or undesirable behaviors or emotional outbursts displayed in response to unmet needs or desires. They may also refer to an inability to control emotions due to frustration or difficulty expressing a particular need or desire.
Temper tantrums or "acting-out...
Temperature measurement is a method to take a person's temperature and determine whether it is within a normal range. A high temperature is a fever.
How the Test is Performed
In the past, a glass thermometer filled with mercury was used to measure body temperature. However, the American Academy of ...
Temporal arteritis is inflammation and damage to blood vessels that supply the head area, particularly the large or medium arteries that branch from the neck.
If the inflammation affects the arteries in your neck, upper body and arms, it is called giant cell arteritis.
Temporal, giant cell,...
Tendinitis is inflammation, irritation, and swelling of a tendon, which is the fibrous structure that joins muscle to bone. In many cases, tendinosis (tendon degeneration) is also present.
Tendinitis can occur as a result of injury, overuse, or with aging as the tendon loses elasticity. It c...
Tendon repair is surgery to repair damaged or torn tendons.
Tendon repair can be performed using:
Local anesthesia (the immediate area of the surgery is pain-free)
Regional anesthesia (the local and surrounding areas are pain-free)
General anesthesia (the patient is asleep and pain-fre...
Tenesmus is the feeling that you constantly need to pass stools, even though your bowels are already empty. It may involve straining, pain, and cramping.
Tenesmus usually occurs with inflammatory diseases of the bowels. These diseases may be caused by an infection or other conditions...
Tennis elbow is inflammation, soreness, or pain on the outside (lateral) side of the upper arm near the elbow.
There may be a partial tear of the tendon fibers, which connect muscle to bone. The tear may be at or near where these fibers begin, on the outside of the elbow.
The part of the mus...
Tenosynovitis is inflammation of the lining of the sheath that surrounds a tendon (the cord that joins muscle to bone).
The synovium is a lining of the protective sheath that covers tendons. Tenosynovitis is inflammation of this sheath. The cause of the inflammation may be unknown, or it may...
The Tensilon test is a method to help diagnose myasthenia gravis.
How the Test is Performed
A drug called Tensilon (also called edrophonium) or a dummy medicine (inactive placebo) is given during this test. The health care provider gives the appropriate one through one of your veins (intravenously,...
A tension headache is pain or discomfort in the head, scalp, or neck, usually associated with muscle tightness in these areas.
Mixed tension migraine
Tension headaches are one of the most common forms of headaches. They may occu...