Generic Name: magnesium gluconate (mag NEE see um GLOO koe nate)Brand names: Mag-G, Magonate, Magonate Natal, Magtrate, Almora, Optimum Magnesium Gluconate
Magnesium is a naturally occurring mineral. Magnesium is important for many systems in the body, especially the muscles and nerves.
Magnesium gluconate is used as a supplement to maintain adequate magnesium in the body.
Magnesium gluconate may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breast-feeding.What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking magnesium gluconate?Before taking magnesium gluconate, tell your doctor if you are allergic to anything, or if you have have kidney disease. If you have any of these conditions, you may not be able to use magnesium gluconate, or you may need a dosage adjustment or special tests during treatment. It is not known whether magnesium gluconate will harm an unborn baby. Do not take magnesium gluconate without telling your doctor if you are pregnant plan to become pregnant during treatment. It is not known whether magnesium gluconate passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not take magnesium gluconate without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
Use this medication exactly as directed on the label, or as it has been prescribed by your doctor. Do not use the medication in larger amounts, or use it for longer than recommended.Take this medication with a full glass of water. To help your body to better absorb magnesium gluconate, take the medication with a meal or just after eating.
Measure the liquid form of magnesium gluconate with a special dose-measuring spoon or cup, not a regular table spoon. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.Store magnesium gluconate at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.
See also: Magnesium gluconate dosage in more detail
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take the medicine at the next regularly scheduled time. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
Symptoms of a magnesium gluconate overdose may include flushing, a slow heartbeat, severe drowsiness, confusion, muscle weakness, feeling light-headed, or fainting.
There are no restrictions on food, beverages, or activity while using magnesium gluconate unless your doctor has told you otherwise.
nausea or vomiting;
fast or slow heart rate;
feeling light-headed, fainting; or
warmth, tingling, or redness under your skin.
Continue taking magnesium gluconate and talk to your doctor if you have any of these less serious side effects:
bloating, gas; or
Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Usual Adult Dose for Hypomagnesemia:
500 to 1000 mg magnesium gluconate (27 to 54 mg elemental magnesium) orally 3 times a day.
Usual Adult Dose for Dietary Supplement:
500 to 1000 mg magnesium gluconate (27 to 54 mg elemental magnesium) orally once a day.
Usual Pediatric Dose for Hypomagnesemia:
10 to 20 mg/kg of elemental magnesium per dose orally 4 times a day. Use magnesium gluconate oral liquid preparations for more accurate measurement of dose.
Certain antibiotics should not be taken at the same time as magnesium gluconate because they may not be absorbed as well by your body. If you are taking an antibiotic, avoid taking it within 2 hours before or after you take magnesium gluconate.
Before taking magnesium gluconate, tell your doctor if you are using any of the following drugs:
naladixic acid (NegGram);
penicillamine (Cuprimine, Depen);
an antibiotic such as tetracycline (Brodspec, Sumycin, Tetracap, and others), demeclocycline (Declomycin), doxycycline (Vibramycin, Monodox, Doryx, Doxy, and others), or minocycline (Minocin, Dynacin, and others);
a fluoroquinolone antibiotic such as ciprofloxacin (Cipro), gatifloxacin (Tequin), levofloxacin (Levaquin), lomefloxacin (Maxaquin), moxifloxacin (Avelox), norfloxacin (Noroxin), ofloxacin (Floxin), sparfloxacin (Zagam), or trovafloxacin (Trovan); or
a medication for osteoporosis or Paget's disease, such as alendronate (Fosamax), etidronate (Didronel), ibandronate (Boniva), risedronate (Actonel), or tiludronate (Skelid).
If you are using any of these drugs, you may not be able to use magnesium gluconate, or you may need dosage adjustments or special tests during treatment.
There may be other drugs not listed that can affect magnesium gluconate. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start using a new medication without telling your doctor.