Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «B»:
Bile sludge: A mixture of microscopic particulate matter in bile that occurs when particles of material precipitate from bile. (Bile is the fluid that is made by the liver. It is stored in the gallbladder until after a meal when it passes out of the gallbladder and through the common bile duct into ...
Bilharzia: Disease caused by worms that parasitize
people. Also called schistosomiasis. Three main species of these trematode worms
(flukes)--Schistosoma haematobium, S. japonicum, and S. mansoni - cause disease in
humans. Larval forms of the parasite live in freshwater snails. The cercaria (form of...
Bilharziasis: a parasite infection by a trematode worm
acquired from infested water. Also known as schistosomiasis. Species which live in man can
produce liver, bladder, and gastrointestinal problems. Species of the schistosomiasis
parasite which cannot live in man cause swimmer's itch....
Biliary: Having to do with the gallbladder, bile ducts, or bile. The biliary system itself consists of the gallbladder and bile ducts and, of course, the bile.
For example, biliary atresia is the absence or closure of the major bile ducts, the ducts that drain bile from the liver....
Biliary atresia: Congenital absence or closure of the major bile ducts, the ducts that drain bile from the liver.
Biliary atresia results in a progressive inflammatory process which may lead to cirrhosis of the liver. The infant looks normal at birth but develops jaundice after the age of 2 to 3 we...
Biliary compression: Abnormal pressure on the biliary tree compromising the normal drainage of bile....
Biliary decompression: A procedure done to remove pressure on the biliary tree and permit the normal drainage of bile....
Biliary sand: Biliary sand is a term mostly used by surgeons when they remove the gallbladder to describe uncountable, small particles in bile that are visible to the naked eye. Biliary sand may be looked upon as a stage in the growth of the particles that comprise sludge (which are microscopic and...
Biliary sludge: A mixture of microscopic particulate matter in bile that occurs when particles of material precipitate from bile. (Bile is the fluid that is made by the liver. It is stored in the gallbladder until after a meal when it passes out of the gallbladder and through the common bile duct i...
Bilious: The adjective for bile, bilious has three meanings. It means of or relating to bile. By extension, bilious means suffering from liver dysfunction (and especially excessive secretion of bile). And, further by extension, it is indicative of a peevish ill-natured disposition.
The word "bilious...
Biliousness: A term used in the 18th and 19th centuries pertaining to bad digestion, stomach pains, constipation, and excessive flatulence (passing gas). The quantity or quality of the bile was thought to be at fault for the condition. Hence, the name "biliousness." ("Bilious" derives from the Frenc...
Bilirubin: A yellow-orange compound produced by the breakdown of
hemoglobin from red blood cells. ...
Biloma: An encapsulated collection of bile within the abdomen. A biloma may form if there is bile duct disruption, as from a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. From bile + -oma (a tumor)....
Binaural: Relating to both ears. From the Latin bini, a pair, + auris, ear = a pair (of) ears = both ears. Synonymous with stereophonic.
While hearing aids may be binaural (in both ears) or monaural (in just one ear), binaural aids are generally considered to be superior....
Binge drinking: The dangerous practice of
consuming large quantities of alcoholic beverages in a
single session. Binge drinking carries a serious risk of
harm, including alcohol poisoning. See Alcohol