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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «B»:

  1. Bile sludge Bile sludge
    Bile sludge: A mixture of microscopic particulate matter in bile that occurs when particles of material precipitate from bile. (Bile is the fluid that is made by the liver. It is stored in the gallbladder until after a meal when it passes out of the gallbladder and through the common bile duct into ...
  2. Bilharzia Bilharzia
    Bilharzia: Disease caused by worms that parasitize people. Also called schistosomiasis. Three main species of these trematode worms (flukes)--Schistosoma haematobium, S. japonicum, and S. mansoni - cause disease in humans. Larval forms of the parasite live in freshwater snails. The cercaria (form of...
  3. Bilharziasis Bilharziasis
    Bilharziasis: a parasite infection by a trematode worm acquired from infested water. Also known as schistosomiasis. Species which live in man can produce liver, bladder, and gastrointestinal problems. Species of the schistosomiasis parasite which cannot live in man cause swimmer's itch....
  4. Biliary Biliary
    Biliary: Having to do with the gallbladder, bile ducts, or bile. The biliary system itself consists of the gallbladder and bile ducts and, of course, the bile. For example, biliary atresia is the absence or closure of the major bile ducts, the ducts that drain bile from the liver....
  5. Biliary atresia Biliary atresia
    Biliary atresia: Congenital absence or closure of the major bile ducts, the ducts that drain bile from the liver. Biliary atresia results in a progressive inflammatory process which may lead to cirrhosis of the liver. The infant looks normal at birth but develops jaundice after the age of 2 to 3 we...
  6. Biliary compression Biliary compression
    Biliary compression: Abnormal pressure on the biliary tree compromising the normal drainage of bile....
  7. Biliary decompression Biliary decompression
    Biliary decompression: A procedure done to remove pressure on the biliary tree and permit the normal drainage of bile....
  8. Biliary sand Biliary sand
    Biliary sand: Biliary sand is a term mostly used by surgeons when they remove the gallbladder to describe uncountable, small particles in bile that are visible to the naked eye. Biliary sand may be looked upon as a stage in the growth of the particles that comprise sludge (which are microscopic and...
  9. Biliary sludge Biliary sludge
    Biliary sludge: A mixture of microscopic particulate matter in bile that occurs when particles of material precipitate from bile. (Bile is the fluid that is made by the liver. It is stored in the gallbladder until after a meal when it passes out of the gallbladder and through the common bile duct i...
  10. Bilious Bilious
    Bilious: The adjective for bile, bilious has three meanings. It means of or relating to bile. By extension, bilious means suffering from liver dysfunction (and especially excessive secretion of bile). And, further by extension, it is indicative of a peevish ill-natured disposition. The word "bilious...
  11. Biliousness Biliousness
    Biliousness: A term used in the 18th and 19th centuries pertaining to bad digestion, stomach pains, constipation, and excessive flatulence (passing gas). The quantity or quality of the bile was thought to be at fault for the condition. Hence, the name "biliousness." ("Bilious" derives from the Frenc...
  12. Bilirubin Bilirubin
    Bilirubin: A yellow-orange compound produced by the breakdown of hemoglobin from red blood cells. ...
  13. Biloma Biloma
    Biloma: An encapsulated collection of bile within the abdomen. A biloma may form if there is bile duct disruption, as from a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. From bile + -oma (a tumor)....
  14. Binaural Binaural
    Binaural: Relating to both ears. From the Latin bini, a pair, + auris, ear = a pair (of) ears = both ears. Synonymous with stereophonic. While hearing aids may be binaural (in both ears) or monaural (in just one ear), binaural aids are generally considered to be superior....
  15. Binge drinking Binge drinking
    Binge drinking: The dangerous practice of consuming large quantities of alcoholic beverages in a single session. Binge drinking carries a serious risk of harm, including alcohol poisoning. See Alcohol poisoning....