Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «D»:
Disease, Menetrier's: See: Giant hypertrophic gastritis....
Disease, Meniere: A condition with recurrent vertigo
accompanied by ringing in the ears (tinnitus) and deafness. Symptoms
include vertigo, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, loss of hearing (in the
affected ear), and abnormal eye movements.
Meniere disease is due to dysfunction of the semi-circular ca...
Disease, Minamata: A disorder caused by methyl mercury poisoning that was first described in the inhabitants of Minamata Bay, Japan.
Minamata disease resulted from their eating fish contaminated with mercury industrial waste. The disease is characterized by peripheral sensory loss, tremors, dysarth...
Disease, mitochondrial: Mutations (changes) in the
mitochondrial chromosome are responsible for a number of disorders
including, for example:
An eye disease called Leber's hereditary optic
A type of epilepsy called MERRF
which stands for Myoclonus Epilepsy with Ragged Red Fiber...
Disease, mixed connective tissue
Disease, mixed connective tissue: A mixture of three diseases of connective tissue (the framework of the cells of the body) -- systemic
lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, and polymyositis.
Patients with mixed connective tissue disease typically have features of each of the three component disease...
Disease, new variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob
Disease, new variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob: Abbreviated nvCJD. A human disease thought due to the same infectious agent as bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), or mad cow disease. Both the human and bovine disorders are invariably fatal brain diseases with unusually long incubation periods measured i...
Disease, Niemann-Pick: See: Niemann-Pick disease....
Disease, Norwalk: Disease due to Norwalk virus, not one but a family of small round viruses that are an important cause of viral gastroenteritis (viral inflammation of the stomach and intestines). Norwalk disease is a significant contributor to illness in the US. Only the common cold is reported mor...
Disease, occupational: A disease due to a factor in a person's occupation. For example, lung disease in miners.
Occupational medicine was founded by the Italian physician Bernardino Ramazzini (1633-1714). His De Morbis Artificium (On Artificially Caused Diseases) published in 1700 was the first sys...
Disease, Osgood-Schlatter: A condition involving inflammation and sometimes tearing of ligaments within the knee and lower leg. Treatment is by
rest, casting if necessary, and sometimes surgery.
Osgood-Schlatter disease is caused by repetitive stress or tension on a part of the growth area of the ...
Disease, Osler-Rendu-Weber: See: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia....
Disease, Paget: See: Paget disease....
Disease, Parkinson: A slowly progressive neurologic disease characterized by a fixed inexpressive face, a tremor at rest, slowing of voluntary movements, a gait with short accelerating steps, peculiar posture and muscle weakness, caused by degeneration of an area of the brain called the basal gangl...
Disease, Parry's: Toxic
multinodular goiter, a condition in which the thyroid gland contains multiple lumps (nodules) that are overactive
and produce excess thyroid hormones. This condition is also known as Plummer's
Disease, Pelizaeus-Merzbacher: See: Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease....