Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «E»:
Enate: 1. As a noun, a relative on the mother's side.
2. As an adjective, related on the mother's side.
As opposed to agnate (someone related on the father's side). From the Latin enatus, the past participle of enasci (to issue forth), from e-, from ex- (out) + nasci (to be born)....
Encapsulated: Confined to a specific area; the tumor remains in a compact form....
Encephalitis: Inflammation of the brain.
Encephalitis occurs, for example, in 1 in 1,000 cases of measles. It
may start (up to 3 weeks) after onset of the measles rash and present
with high fever, convulsions, and coma. It usually runs a blessedly
short course with full recovery within a week. ...
Encephalitis, arboviral: See: Arboviral encephalitis....
Encephalitis, eastern equine
Encephalitis, eastern equine: See: Eastern equine encephalitis....
Encephalitis, flavivirus: See: Flavivirus encephalitis....
Encephalitis, LAC: LaCrosse encephalitis, one of the main types of encephalitis caused by an arbovirus in the US. An arbovirus is a virus that is arthropod-borne (carried by a mosquito, tick or another kind of arthropod). The arbovirus infects and inflames the brain.
LAC encephalitis was first foun...
Encephalitis, LaCrosse: One of the main types of encephalitis caused by an arbovirus in the US. An arbovirus is a virus that is arthropod-borne (carried by a mosquito, tick or another kind of arthropod). The arbovirus infects and inflames the brain.
LaCrosse encephalitis was first found in a 4-year...
Encephalitis, Nipah virus
Encephalitis, Nipah virus: Brain inflammation (encephalitis) due to the Nipah virus that infects pigs and people. Nipah is the name of the first village the virus struck near Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia. (The Nipah virus is similar to Hendra virus that was discovered in Australia in 1994.) Nipah virus ...
Encephalitis, Rasmussen: A rare progressive neurological disorder that is characterized by intractable seizures and progressive neurologic deterioration. To be more precise, there are frequent and severe seizures (convulsions), progressive loss of motor skills and speech, hemiparesis (paralysis on o...
Encephalitis, St. Louis
Encephalitis, St. Louis: A disease caused by a virus (first observed in Illinois in 1932) transmitted from birds to the common Culex mosquito to people. St. Louis encephalitis occurs typically in the summer and early fall. In the U.S., the virus is rarely found outside the Southeast.
Signs and symp...
Encephalitis, viral: Inflammation of the brain as a result of virus infection. There are many viruses that cause viral encephalitis.
See also: Flavivirus encephalitis....
Encephalitis, West Nile
Encephalitis, West Nile: A febrile disease caused by the West Nile virus that is transmitted from birds to the common Culex mosquito and then to people. The virus is named after the area it was first found in Uganda.
West Nile fever occurs in parts of Africa and Asia and, infrequently, in Southern ...
Encephalomyelitis: Inflammation of both the brain and the spinal cord.
Encephalomyelitis can be caused by a variety of conditions that lead to inflammation of the brain and spinal cord. Among the common causes of encephalomyelitis are viruses which infect the nervous system.
One type of encephalo...
Encephalopathic syndrome: A dangerous condition
with symptoms similar to those of neuroleptic malignant
syndrome (NMS), of which it may be a variant. It is
associated with lithium toxicity....