Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «I»:
Immunization, meningococcal: A vaccine to prevent meningococcal meningitis, an inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord due to bacterial infection by an organism called Neisseria meningitidis.
The symptoms of meningococcal meningitis include drowsiness, headache, high fever...
Immunization, MMR: The standard vaccine
prevent measles, mumps and rubella (German measles).
The MMR vaccine
is now given in two
dosages. The first should be given at 12-15 months of age. The second
vaccination should be given at 4-6 years.
Most children should
receive MMR vaccinations...
Immunization, mumps: See Immunization, MMR....
Immunization, pneumococcal: Vaccination to help prevent infection by Streptococcus pneumoniae, also known as the pneumococcus bacterium.
This bacterium causes one of the most common and severe forms of pneumonia. To prevent this form of pneumonia, a vaccine has been offered to people over 55 and any...
Immunization, polio: One of the two polio vaccines that are available: oral polio vaccine (OPV) and inactivated polio vaccine (IPV). OPV was formerly recommended for children in the U.S. but was shown to actually cause polio in extremely rare cases and is no longer recommended. IPV is given as a sho...
Immunization, rubella: See Immunization, MMR. ...
Immunization, serum hepatitis
Immunization, serum hepatitis: See Immunization,
Immunization, Td: Td is the vaccine given to children
over six and adults as boosters for immunity to diphtheria and tetanus....
Immunization, varicella: See Chickenpox immunization....
Immunization, yellow fever
Immunization, yellow fever: A live attenuated (weakened) viral vaccine that is recommended for people traveling to or living in tropical areas in the Americas and Africa where yellow fever occurs. Because it is a live vaccine, it should not be given to infants or people with immune-system problems.
Immunocompetence: The ability to produce a normal immune response....
Immunocompetent: Able to develop an immune response. Able to recognize antigens and respond to them. The opposite
Immunocompromised: Having an immune system that has been impaired by disease or treatment....
Immunocow: A cow that has been genetically engineered to produce human antibodies. An immunocow, when challenged with an infectious agent, can produce large volumes of human antibodies against that agent. There are also immunopigs and presumably immunogoats, immunosheep, immunohorses, etc....
Immunodeficiency: Inability to mount a normal immune response.
Immunodeficiency can be due to a genetic disease or acquired as in AIDS due to HIV....