Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «M»:
MCI: Mild cognitive impairment....
McKusick-Kaufman syndrome: A genetic disorder in which there is build-up of fluids (called hydrometrocolpos) in the vagina and the uterus as a result of a membrane across the vagina which holds back the cervical fluid secreted in response to the mother's hormones during pregnancy. Boys with this dis...
MCL (medial collateral ligament) of the knee
MCL (medial collateral ligament)
of the knee: The knee joint is surrounded by a joint capsule with ligaments strapping the inside and outside of the joint (collateral ligaments) as well as crossing within the joint (cruciate ligaments). These ligaments provide stability and strength to the knee joi...
MCP: Membrane cofactor
protein. A ubiquitous protein on the surface of cells that regulates complement and is involved in the attachment and ingestion of foreign particles by neutrophils and macrophages. The gene for MCP is on chromosome 1q32....
MCP1: Monocyte chemotactic protein-1, a member of the small inducible gene (SIG) family, plays a role in the recruitment of monocytes to sites of injury and infection.
The gene for MCP1 is on chromosome 17 in region 17q11.2-q12.
MPC1 has been found in the joints of people with rheumatoid arthritis w...
MCPH1: Microcephalin 1....
MCTD: Abbreviation standing for Mixed Connective Tissue Disease, an overlapping mixture of three diseases of connective tissue disease (the framework of the cells of the body) --
lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, and
Patients with MCTD typically have features of each of...
MCV: Abbreviation for mean cell volume, the average volume of a red blood cell. This is a calculated value derived from the hematocrit and the red cell count (The hematocrit is the ratio of the volume of red cells to the volume of whole blood while the red cell count is the number of red blood cells...
MDCT: Multidetector computed tomography....
MDI: 1. Metered-dose inhaler;
2. Multiple daily injections;
3. Mental developmental index, as in "the Bayley Mental Developmental Index (MDI), which measures language, memory, and problem-solving abilities."...
MDMA: Abbreviation for 3-4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine. See: Ecstasy....
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MDS: Myelodysplastic syndrome, or myelodysplastic syndromes....
Me-too drug: A drug that is structurally very similar to already known drugs, with only minor differences. The term "me-too" carries a negative connotation. However, me-too products may create competition and drive prices down....
Mead: See: Mead, Margaret....