Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «M»:
Modelling, chromatin: See: Chromatin remodeling....
Modifiers, biological response (BRMs)
Modifiers, biological response (BRMs): Substances that stimulate the body's response to infection and disease. The body naturally produces small amounts of these substances. Scientists can produce some of them in the laboratory in large amounts for use in treating cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and o...
MODY: Maturity onset diabetes of the young....
Mohs surgery: A special type of surgery used for the treatment of skin cancer, especially basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. The purpose of Mohs surgery is to remove all of the cancerous tissue and as little of the healthy tissue as possible. It is especially helpful when the doctor ...
Moisturize: To dampen; to replenish lost liquid; to add vapor; to humidify. "Moisturize" usually suggests that the thing receiving liquid is made slightly wet, but is not saturated.
Over-the-counter (OTC) skin lotions contain ingredients that moisturize dry skin, making it soft and supple but not w...
Molar: In dentistry, a molar is one of the posterior teeth well
adapted to grinding, in keeping with its origin from the Latin mola meaning millstone. ...
Molars: Molars are the large teeth at the back of the mouth. ...
Mold: A very large group of
microscopic fungi that live on plant or animal matter. Most are filamentous organisms and produce spores that can be air-, water-, or insect-borne. A common trigger for
For people who are sensitive to molds, exposure can cause
symptoms such as nasal stuffine...
Mole: 1. In dermatology a mole is a pigmented spot on the skin, Also called a nevus.
2. In gynecology, a mass within
the uterus formed of partly developed products of conception.
3. In biochemistry, the molecular weight of a substance. In more technical terms, a mole is the number of atoms in exac...
Molecular biology: The study of biology on a molecular level including the structure, function, and makeup of biologically important molecules such as DNA, RNA, and proteins. The field of molecular biology involves many other areas of biology such as biochemistry and genetics....
Molecular phylogenetics: The determination of the rates and patterns of change occurring in DNA and proteins in order to reconstruct the evolutionary history of genes and organisms. Two general approaches may be taken to obtain this information. In the first approach, DNA is used to study the evolut...
Molecule: The smallest unit of a substance that can exist alone
and retain the character of that substance. ...
Molecules, recombinant DNA
Molecules, recombinant DNA: A combination of DNA
molecules of different origin that are joined using recombinant DNA technology....
Mollaret meningitis: Benign recurrent aseptic meningitis.
The cause of Mollaret meningitis is not known.
Mollaret meningitis is distinguished from viral meningitis by its recurrent character with symptom-free intervals between episodes. Symptoms include headache, neckache, fever, and neck stiffness ...
Molluscacide: An agent capable of killing snails and other mollusks or of controlling their growth....