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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «M»:

  1. Monte Carlo simulation Monte Carlo simulation
    Monte Carlo simulation: A statistical method used in biomedical research, involving computer simulation in which data are randomly shuffled many different times, enabling assessment of the probabilities of certain known outcomes....
  2. Montgomery, William W. Montgomery, William W.
    Montgomery, William W.: Pioneering American otolaryngologist who developed many techniques used in surgery on the throat and the vocal cords. Dr. Montgomery operated on kings and queens, celebrities and the less-celebrated at the Mass. Eye and Ear Infirmary. He wrote "Surgery of the Upper Respirator...
  3. Moonflower Moonflower
    Moonflower: An hallucinogenic but poisonous plant known scientifically as Datura that has white flowers that bloom at night. Moonflowers contain scopolamine and hyoscyamine, both of which can cause anticholinergic poisoning. Symptoms occur typically within an hour after ingestion and continue for 2...
  4. Moral behavior center Moral behavior center
    Moral behavior center: An area of the brain in what is known as the prefrontal cortex. Children who suffer damage before 16 months of age to the prefrontal cortex in the front of the brain tend later to display pathological behavior problems. From such cases, it has been inferred that the area damag...
  5. Moraxella kingae Moraxella kingae
    Moraxella kingae: See: Kingella kingae....
  6. Morbid jealousy Morbid jealousy
    Morbid jealousy: See: Othello syndrome....
  7. Morbidity Morbidity
    Morbidity: Illness, disease. ...
  8. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
    Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: Known for short as MMWR, this is a key weekly scientific publication prepared and published by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (the CDC). MMWR contains data and reports on specific health and safety topics. The data are on specific diseases ...
  9. Morbilli Morbilli
    Morbilli: Another name for measles, an acute highly contagious viral disease with fever, runny nose, cough, red eyes, and a spreading skin rash. Also known as rubeola, it is a potentially disastrous disease and can be complicated by ear infections, pneumonia, encephalitis (that can cause ...
  10. Morbus gallicus Morbus gallicus
    Morbus gallicus: The French disease. Syphilis. The name "syphilis" was coined by Hieronymus Fracastorius (Girolamo Fracastoro). Fracastorius was a true Renaissance man; he wrote on the temperature of wines, the rise of the Nile, poetry, the mind, and the soul; he was an astronomer, geographer, bo...
  11. Mordant Mordant
    Mordant: A substance capable of deepening the reaction to a stain (as in the pathology laboratory); incisive; burning or pungent; and so, by extension, biting and caustic in thought, manner, or style. The word "mordant" has some bite to it since it comes from the Latin "mordere", the infinitive of t...
  12. Morgagni's tubercle Morgagni's tubercle
    Morgagni's tubercle: See: Olfactory bulb....
  13. Morgue Morgue
    Morgue: A place where bodies of the dead are kept before autopsy, funeral, or burial. The first Morgue was in Paris. In the 1880s the word morgue entered English to mean a mortuary. ...
  14. Morning glory syndrome Morning glory syndrome
    Morning glory syndrome: A birth defect of the optic nerve (the nerve to the eye) in which there is a coloboma (cleft) of the optic disc. The coloboma results in a funnel-shaped optic nerve head with a white dot in the center, an elevated ring of pigment around the disk, and vessels radiating out fr...
  15. Morning sickness Morning sickness
    Morning sickness: Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. Morning sickness is a misnomer, because it can occur at any time of the day (though not at night during sleep) and it is not a sickness. It is a normal characteristic of early pregnancy. Morning sickness is now believed to be a good thing since it...