Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «N»:
Nephrologist: A medical specialist in nephrology (the study of the kidney or "kidney-ology")....
Nephrology: The art and science of the care of the kidney. ...
Nephron: A key unit, both anatomically and functionally, of the
Nephronophthisis 1 (NPH1)
Nephronophthisis 1 (NPH1): A childhood kidney disease in which there is progressive symmetrical destruction of the kidneys involving both the tubules and glomeruli, characteristically resulting in anemia, polyuria, polydipsia, isosthenuria (decreased ability to concentrate the urine), progressive re...
Nephropathy: Any kidney disease. For example, there is diabetic nephropathy, gouty nephropathy, HIV-associated nephropathy,
ischemic nephropathy, sickle cell nephropathy,and so on. From the
Greek "nephros" (kidney) + "pathos" (disease)....
Nephropathy, diabetic: See: Diabetic nephropathy....
Nephropathy, membranous: See: Membranous nephropathy....
Nephrosclerosis: Hardening (sclerosis) of the kidney usually due to disease of the
blood vessels in it from atherosclerosis. ...
Nephrosis: Non-inflammatory, non-neoplastic disease
kidney. Nephrosis an be caused by kidney disease, or it may be a
complication of another disorder, particularly diabetes. Diagnosis is
by urine testing for the presence of protein, blood testing for lower
than normal levels of protein, a...
Nephrosis, lipoid: See: Minimal change disease....
Nephrotic syndrome, minimal change
Nephrotic syndrome, minimal change: See: Minimal change disease....
Nephrotomogram: A series of special x-rays of the kidneys. The
x-rays are taken from different angles. They show the kidneys clearly, without the shadows
of the organs around them....
Nephrotoxic: Damaging or deleterious to the kidney. Literally, toxic to the kidney. The term was compounded in 1902 from nephro-, referring to the kidney + toxic....
Neprilysin: See: Metallomembrane endopeptidase....
Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses
chemical and electrical signals to transmit sensory and motor information from one body part to another. See: Nervous system. ...