Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «P»:
Phantom limb syndrome
Phantom limb syndrome: The perception of sensations, usually including pain, in an arm or leg after the limb has been amputated. The brain still gets messages from the nerves that originally carried impulses from the missing limb. Phantom limb syndrome is relatively common in amputees, especially in...
Phantom tooth: Persistent pain in the area from which a tooth has been extracted. Phantom tooth pain may last for months and can spread beyond the extraction site to other areas of the mouth....
Phantom vision: Seeing images after total loss of eyesight....
Pharma food: A food product with a pharmacological additive meant to improve health, for example, to lower cholesterol....
Pharmacist: A professional who fills
prescriptions, and in the case of a compounding pharmacist,
makes them. Pharmacists are familiar with medication
ingredients, interactions, cautions, and hints.
Pharmacists are thus trained to prepare and distribute medicines
and to give information about th...
The study of the use of drugs in society. The process of identifying and responding to safety issues about drugs.
Pharmaco-epidemiology has been called pharmaco-vigilance. For example, the diabetes drug called Rezulin was found associated with a risk of liver damage. The FDA a...
Pharmacogenetics: The merger of pharmacology and genetics into a field that pertains to the hereditary responses to drugs. For example, after the administration of a muscle relaxant drug, a patient may remain apneic for hours due to a genetically determined defect in metabolizing (processing) the mu...
Pharmacogenomics: The study of how variations in the human genome affect the response to medications. The older term "pharmacogenetics" was created from the words "pharmacology" and "genetics" to indicate the intersection of pharmaceuticals and genetics. The sequencing of the human genome and the in...
Pharmacologic stress test
Pharmacologic stress test: There are a diversity of pharmacologic stress tests. Here this refers specifically to a pharmacologic cardiac stress test in which certain medications are administered that stimulate the heart to mimic the physiologic effects of exercise.
One of the medications used in a...
Pharmacologist: A specialist in the study of
medications and their effects on the body....
Pharmacology: The study of drugs, their
sources, their nature, and their properties. Pharmacology is the study
of the body's reaction to drugs. It emerged as a major area in
American medicine largely due to the efforts of John Jacob Abel (1857-
1938) who stressed the importance of chemistry in me...
spelled pharmacopoeia, an
official authoritative listing of drugs. Aspirin has, for example, long been in the pharmacopeia.
By extension, a pharmacopeia is a collection or stock of drugs....
Pharmacopoeia: An official authoritative listing of drugs. Aspirin has, for example, long been in the pharmacopoeia.
By extension, a pharmacopoeia is a collection or stock of drugs....
Pharmacy: A location where prescription drugs are
sold. A pharmacy is, by law, constantly supervised by a licensed
Pharmacy benefit manager
Pharmacy benefit manager: A company under contract with managed care organizations, self-insured companies, and government programs to manage pharmacy network management, drug utilization review, outcomes management, and disease management. The aim is to save money. A pharmacy benefit manager may, f...