Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «P»:
Physical map: A map of the locations of identifiable
landmarks on chromosomes. Physical distance is measured in base pairs. The physical map
differs from the genetic map which is based purely on genetic linkage data. In the human
genome, the lowest-resolution physical map is the banding patterns of ...
Physical therapist: A person trained and
certified by a state or accrediting body to design and
implement physical therapy programs. Physical therapists
may work within a hospital or clinic, in a school providing
assistance to special education students, or as an
Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative
health that uses specially designed exercises and equipment
to help patients regain or improve their physical
abilities. Physical therapists work with many types of
patients, from infants born with musculoskeletal birth
defects, to adults suffering f...
Physician: A physician is a person trained in the
art of healing. In reality, contemporary physicians express their
skills by combining art with science. A physician is also referred
to as a doctor of medicine.
The term "physician" is used somewhat differently in different
Physician assistant (PA)
Physician assistant (PA): A physician assistant (PA) is a mid-level medical practitioner who works under the supervision of a licensed doctor (an MD) or osteopathic physician (a DO).
The physician assistant came about in the 1960s as a response to the need for more clinicians (there was a shortage...
Physician assisted suicide
Physician assisted suicide: See: Physician-assisted suicide....
Physician discontent: Dissatisfaction with medical practice. Physician discontent increased substantially in the last quarter of the 20th century. The sources of dissatisfaction included pressures from managed-care systems, the malpractice crisis, aggravation with bureaucratic red tape, and constant...
Physician, emergency: See: Emergency physician....
Physician, family: A physician who is educated and trained in family practice.
"Family physicians possess unique attitudes, skills, and knowledge which qualify them to provide continuing and comprehensive medical care, health maintenance and preventive services to each member of the family regardl...
Physicians Health Study
Physicians Health Study: A very large, long-term, randomized study initiated in 1982 to look at the effects of aspirin and beta-carotene on cancer and cardiovascular disease. Its finding that daily low-dose aspirin decreased the risk of a first myocardial infarction by 44% helped focus attention on...
Physicians' Desk Reference
Physicians' Desk Reference: A thick volume
that provides a guide to all prescription drugs available in the
United States. Although not exactly recommended fare for bedtime
reading, the PDR is a key reference to the American pharmacopeia.
Physics, health: The science of human health and radiation exposure. Health physics, also called medical physics, is devoted to radiation safety. The international professional body for health physics, the Health Physics Society, notes that:
"For decades, ionizing radiation has been beneficial to h...
Physics, medical: See: Medical physics....
Physiologic: Something that is normal, neither due to
anything pathologic nor significant in terms of causing illness....
Physiologic amenorrhea: The cessation of
menstruation that it is completely
normal and is not caused by anything pathologic. The lack
during pregnancy is a form of physiologic amenorrhea.
lactation is another. Amenorrhea is conventionally divided
into primary an...