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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «S»:

  1. Syndrome, congenital central hypoventilation Syndrome, congenital central hypoventilation
    Syndrome, congenital central hypoventilation: See: Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome....
  2. Syndrome, congenital rubella Syndrome, congenital rubella
    Syndrome, congenital rubella: The constellation of abnormalities caused by infection with the rubella (German measles) virus before birth. The syndrome is characterized by multiple congenital malformations (birth defects) and mental retardation. The individual features of the syndrome include g...
  3. Syndrome, Conn Syndrome, Conn
    Syndrome, Conn: Overproduction of the hormone aldosterone (pronounced al-do-ster-one) by a tumor that contains tissue resembling that normally present in the outer portion (cortex) of the adrenal gland. The excess aldosterone results in a potassium level (hypokalemia), underacidity of the body (alka...
  4. Syndrome, contiguous gene Syndrome, contiguous gene
    Syndrome, contiguous gene: A disorder clearly involving multiple gene loci that are adjacent to one another. An example of a contiguous gene syndrome is Angelman syndrome. It is due to the loss of a series of genes from a region of chromosome 15 termed 15q13-15. (The syndrome is characterized by f...
  5. Syndrome, Cornelia de Lange Syndrome, Cornelia de Lange
    Syndrome, Cornelia de Lange: See: de Lange syndrome....
  6. Syndrome, cracked tooth Syndrome, cracked tooth
    Syndrome, cracked tooth: A toothache caused by a broken tooth (tooth fracture) without associated cavity or advanced gum disease. Biting on the area of tooth fracture can cause severe sharp pains. These fractures are usually due to chewing or biting hard objects such as hard candies, pencils, nuts, ...
  7. Syndrome, Creutzfeldt-Jakob Syndrome, Creutzfeldt-Jakob
    Syndrome, Creutzfeldt-Jakob: Better known as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). A dementing disease of the brain. It is believed due to an unconventional (not a bacteria or virus), transmissible agent called a prion. Symptoms of CJD include forgetfulness, nervousness, jerky trembling hand movements, ...
  8. Syndrome, Cushing Syndrome, Cushing
    Syndrome, Cushing: The constellation of symptoms and signs caused by an excess of cortisol hormone. Cushing syndrome is an extremely complex hormonal condition that involves many areas of the body. Common symptoms are thinning of the skin, weakness, weight gain, bruising, hypertension, diabetes, t...
  9. Syndrome, cyclic vomiting Syndrome, cyclic vomiting
    Syndrome, cyclic vomiting: A syndrome characterized by episodes, bouts, or cycles of severe nausea and vomiting that last for hours or even days and alternate with longer asymptomatic periods (with no symptoms). The cause of the syndrome is unknown. Each episode is similar to previous ones and tends...
  10. Syndrome, Danlos Syndrome, Danlos
    Syndrome, Danlos: Better known today as Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS), is an inherited disorder with easy bruising, joint hypermobility (loose joints), skin laxity, and weakness of tissues. There are a number of different Ehlers-Danlos syndromes which share these features but can be categorized ...
  11. Syndrome, de Lange Syndrome, de Lange
    Syndrome, de Lange: See: de Lange syndrome....
  12. Syndrome, deafness-ichthyosis-keratitis Syndrome, deafness-ichthyosis-keratitis
    Syndrome, deafness-ichthyosis-keratitis: See Keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness syndrome....
  13. Syndrome, dengue shock Syndrome, dengue shock
    Syndrome, dengue shock: A syndrome due to the dengue virus that tends to affect children under 10, causing abdominal pain, hemorrhage (bleeding) and circulatory collapse (shock). Known also as dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), it starts abruptly with high continuous fever and headache plus respi...
  14. Syndrome, DiGeorge Syndrome, DiGeorge
    Syndrome, DiGeorge: See: DiGeorge syndrome....
  15. Syndrome, Down Syndrome, Down
    Syndrome, Down: A common chromosome disorder due to an extra chromosome number 21 (trisomy 21). Down syndrome causes mental retardation, a characteristic face, and multiple malformations. Down syndrome is a relatively common birth defect. The chromosome abnormality affects both the physical and...