Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «S»:
Syndrome, Horner: A complex of abnormal findings,
namely sinking in of one eyeball, ipsilateral ptosis (drooping of the upper eyelid on the
same side) and miosis (constriction of the pupil of that eye) together with anhidrosis
(lack of sweating) and flushing of the affected side of the face. Due to ...
Syndrome, Hurler: An inherited error of metabolism in which there is deficiency of the enzyme alpha-L-iduronidase which normally breaks down molecules called mucopolysaccharides. Without the activity of this enzyme, there is an abnormal accumulation of mucopolysaccharides in the tissues of the body....
Syndrome, hypoplastic left heart
Syndrome, hypoplastic left heart: A form of congenital heart disease in which the
whole left half of the heart (including the aorta , aortic
valve, left ventricle and mitral valve) is underdeveloped
(hypoplastic). Blood returning from the lungs has to flow
through an opening in the wall between ...
Syndrome, ichthyosis-keratitis-deafness: See Keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness syndrome....
Syndrome, incontinentia pigmenti
Syndrome, incontinentia pigmenti: A genetic disease that begins soon after birth with the development of blisters on the trunk and limbs. These blisters then heal, but leave dark hyperpigmented streaks and marble-like whorls on the skin. Other key features include dental and nail abnormalities, bald...
Syndrome, irritable bowel (IBS)
Syndrome, irritable bowel (IBS): A common
gastrointestinal disorder (also called spastic colitis, mucus colitis
or nervous colon
syndrome), IBS is an abnormal condition of gut contractions
(motility) characterized by
abdominal pain, bloating, mucous in stools, and irregular bowel
This is a type of what is called pachyonychia congenita (elephant nails from birth).
The characteristic features include:
Abnormally thick curved nails (onychogryposis)
Thickening of the skin (hyperkeratosis) of the palms, soles, knees and elbows
White plaques (leu...
Syndrome, Johnson-Stevens: See: Stevens-Johnson syndrome. ...
Syndrome, joint hypermobility
Syndrome, joint hypermobility: See Syndrome,
Syndrome, Kanner: (Also called autism). A spectrum of neuropsychiatric disorders characterized by deficits in social interaction and communication,
and unusual and repetitive behavior. Some, but not all, people with autism are non-verbal.
Autism is normally diagnosed before age six and may be diag...
Syndrome, Kartagener's : The trio of sinusitis,
bronchitis and situs inversus (lateral reversal of the position all organs in the chest
and abdomen with the heart and stomach on the right, the liver on the left,
etc.-opposite or "inverted" from their usual position)....
Syndrome, Kawasaki: A syndrome of unknown
origin, mainly affecting young
children, that causes fever, reddening of the eyes
mucous membranes of the mouth, ulcerative gum disease
glands in the neck (cervical lymphadenopathy), and a rash
that is ra...
Syndrome, keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness: See Keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness syndrome....
Syndrome, KID: Acronym for the Keratitis-
Ichthyosis-Deafness syndrome, a genetic disorder. See Keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness syndrome....
Syndrome, Kimmelstiel-Wilson: Diabetic
nephropathy (kidney disease).
Kimmelstiel-Wilson syndrome is a kidney condition
associated with long-standing diabetes. It affects the
network of tiny blood vessels (the
microvasculature) in the glomerulus, a key structure in the
kidney that is
composed of ...