Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «S»:
Syndrome, Pagon: See: Pagon syndrome....
Syndrome, Pallister-Killian: Condition with multiple
malformations at birth and mental retardation due to isochromosome 12p mosaicism (an
abnormal chromosome #12 in some cells)....
Syndrome, paraneoplastic: See: Paraneoplastic syndrome....
Syndrome, Patau: Trisomy 13 syndrome or three
chromosome number 13s instead of the normal two. Children with this condition have
multiple malformations and mental retardation due to an extra chromosome #13 Named after
the late Klaus Patau who described the extra chromosome in 1960. This is trisomy 1...
Syndrome, patellofemoral (PFS)
Syndrome, patellofemoral (PFS): The commonest
cause of chronic knee pain,
characteristically causes vague discomfort of the inner
by activity (running, jumping, climbing or descending
stairs) or by
sitting with knees in a moderately bent position (the so-
Syndrome, Paterson-Kelly: See: Plummer-Vinson syndrome....
Syndrome, Pendred: See Pendred syndrome....
Syndrome, Perrault: See: Perrault syndrome....
Syndrome, Peter Pan
Syndrome, Peter Pan: Term coined by pop psychology author Dan Kiley in his book "Peter Pan syndrome: Men Who Have Never Grown Up."
Peter Pan is in reference to J. M. Barrie's classic play in which a boy, Peter Pan, who refuses to grow up teaches Wendy and her younger brothers how to fly and then it...
Syndrome, phantom limb
Syndrome, phantom limb: See Phantom limb syndrome....
Syndrome, Pickwickian: The combination of obesity, somnolence (sleepiness), hypoventilation (underbreathing), and plethoric (red) face.
The syndrome is so named because of the "fat and
red-faced boy in a state of somnolency" that Charles Dickens described in his novel, The Pickwick Papers. (The same...
Syndrome, piriformis: Irritation of the sciatic nerve caused by compression of the nerve within the buttock by the piriformis muscle. Typically, the pain of the piriformis syndrome is increased by contraction of the piriformis muscle, prolonged sitting, or direct pressure applied to the muscle. But...
Syndrome, Pisa: A condition in which there is sustained involuntary flexion of the body and head to one side and slight rotation of the trunk so the person appears to lean like the Leaning Tower of Pisa.
The Pisa syndrome is an adverse effect (a side-effect) of some medications. It occurs sometimes...
Syndrome, Poland: A unique
pattern of one-sided malformations characterized by a
defect of the chest (pectoralis) muscle on one side of the
body and webbing of the fingers (cutaneous syndactyly) of
the ipsilateral hand (the hand on the same side). Poland
syndrome is right-sided three times mor...
Syndrome, polycystic ovary
Syndrome, polycystic ovary: See:
Polycystic ovarian syndrome....