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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «S»:

  1. Syndrome, toxic shock Syndrome, toxic shock
    Syndrome, toxic shock: A grave condition occurring predominantly in menstruating women using tampons, toxic shock is characterized by a highly toxic state (with sudden high fever, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle aching) followed by low blood pressure (hypotension) which can lead to shock (and death). Th...
  2. Syndrome, trisomy 13 Syndrome, trisomy 13
    Syndrome, trisomy 13: Condition with three rather than the normal two chromosomes #13. Children born with this syndrome have multiple malformations and mental retardation due to the extra chromosome #13. The congenital malformations (birth defects) commonly include scalp defects, hemangiomas (blood ...
  3. Syndrome, trisomy 18 Syndrome, trisomy 18
    Syndrome, trisomy 18: There are three instead of the normal two chromosomes #18. Children with this condition have multiple malformations and mental retardation due to the extra chromosome #18. The children characteristically have low birth weight, small head (microcephaly), small jaw (micrognathia)...
  4. Syndrome, trisomy 21 Syndrome, trisomy 21
    Syndrome, trisomy 21: A common chromosome disorder, often called Down syndrome, due to an extra chromosome number 21 (trisomy 21). The chromosome abnormality affects both the physical and intellectual development of the individual. Trisome 21 (Down) syndrome is associated with a major risk for ...
  5. Syndrome, Turner-Kieser Syndrome, Turner-Kieser
    Syndrome, Turner-Kieser: See Nail-patella syndrome....
  6. Syndrome, Usher Syndrome, Usher
    Syndrome, Usher: A genetic disorder characterized by hearing impairment and an eye disorder called retinitis pigmentosa in which vision worsens over time. Some people with Usher syndrome also have balance problems. It is the most common disease that compromises both hearing and vision. More than h...
  7. Syndrome, von Hippel-Lindau Syndrome, von Hippel-Lindau
    Syndrome, von Hippel-Lindau: See Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome....
  8. Syndrome, Waardenburg Syndrome, Waardenburg
    Syndrome, Waardenburg: See Waardenburg syndrome....
  9. Syndrome, Werner Syndrome, Werner
    Syndrome, Werner: A premature aging disease that begins in adolescence or early in adulthood and results in apparent old age by 30-40 years of age. The characteristic features of Werner syndrome include short stature, premature graying and balding, wizened face, beaked nose, cataracts, scleroderma-...
  10. Syndrome, Witkop Syndrome, Witkop
    Syndrome, Witkop: A genetic disorder characterized by the absence of several teeth at birth and abnormalities of the nails. The disorder is also known as hypodontia and nail dysgenesis or, more picturesquely, as the tooth and nail syndrome (TNS). The tooth and nail defects in the syndrome are high...
  11. Syndrome, Wolf-Hirschhorn Syndrome, Wolf-Hirschhorn
    Syndrome, Wolf-Hirschhorn: See: Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome....
  12. Syndrome, Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome, Wolff-Parkinson-White
    Syndrome, Wolff-Parkinson-White: A condition caused by an abnormality in the electrical system of the heart which normally tells the heart muscle when to contract. In Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome there is an extra electrical connection inside the heart that acts as a short circuit, caus...
  13. Syndrome, Wolfram Syndrome, Wolfram
    Syndrome, Wolfram: See: Wolfram syndrome....
  14. Syndrome, WPW Syndrome, WPW
    Syndrome, WPW: WPW is an abbreviation for the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, a condition caused by an abnormality in the electrical system of the heart which normally tells the heart muscle when to contract. In WPW there is an extra electrical connection inside the heart that acts as a shor...
  15. Syndrome, yeast Syndrome, yeast
    Syndrome, yeast: The yeast Candida has been thought to cause a syndrome with a number of nonspecific problems including fatigue, loss of appetite, headache, short-attention span, depression and all manner of intestinal irregularities. There is no scientific evidence to support the existence of the y...