Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «T»:
Tuberculosis, pulmonary: Tuberculosis (TB) infecting the lungs.
This is the most common form of active TB. It can
be easily transmitted to others when someone who has it coughs....
Tuberculotic: See: Tuberculous....
Tuberculous: Pertaining to tuberculosis. Affected by tuberculosis. Caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. As in tuberculous meningitis. Also called tubercular and tuberculotic....
Tuberculous diskitis: An
infection of the spine due to tuberculosis, seen most
often in children. The main symptom is back pain. Untreated tuberculous diskitis
can lead to inward or outward curvature of the spine. Imaging of the spine will
find abscesses, some of which may have ossified (hardene...
Tuberculous meningitis: Meningitis due to tuberculosis. Tuberculous meningitis is the most severe form of tuberculosis. It causes severe neurologic deficits or death in more than half of cases.
The pattern of tuberculous meningitis in the population is different in different areas of the world. In ...
Tuberoeruptive xanthoma: See: Eruptive xanthoma....
Tuberous sclerosis: A genetic disorder characterized by abnormalities of the skin, brain, kidney, and heart. The skin abnormalities are present in all cases and may include tiny benign tumors (angiofibroma) on the face and depigmented areas anywhere on the body. The brain abnormalities are mainly b...
Tuberous sclerosis 1
Tuberous sclerosis 1: The TSC1 gene involved in causing the disease tuberous sclerosis. See: TSC1....
Tuberous sclerosis 2
Tuberous sclerosis 2: The TSC2 gene involved in causing the disease tuberous sclerosis. See: TSC2....
Tubes: The "tubes" are medically known as the Fallopian tubes. There are two Fallopian tubes, one on each
side, which transport the egg from the ovary to the uterus (the womb). The
Fallopian tubes have small hair-like projections called cilia on the
cells of the lining.
These tubal cilia are ess...
Tubular vision: A centrally constricted field of vision that is like what you can see through a tube. Also called tunnel vision. See: Tunnel vision....
Tubule: A small tube.
Tularemia: A bacterial disease caused by infection with a bacterium called Francisella tularensis that usually occurs in wild and domestic animals, most often rabbits, and can be transmitted to humans by contact with animal tissues or ticks and fleas. Also called rabbit fever and deerfly fever.
Tumeric: A spice with anti-inflammatory effects. The active ingredient is curcumin, which has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Tumeric is a common ingredient in curry powder....
Tumescent: Swelling; slightly tumid (swollen).
For example, tumescent liposuction involves pumping a solution beneath the skin which swells it to facilitate suctioning out fat. For another example, the penis can become tumescent.
Tumescent and tumor are related. Both go back to the Latin "tumere"...