Diaphragmatic hernia: Passage of a loop of bowel through the diaphragm muscle. This type of hernia occurs as the bowel from the abdomen "herniates" upward through the diaphragm into the chest (thoracic) cavity.
Diaphragmatic hernias may be congenital or acquired. Congenital diaphragmatic hernias are present at birth. They occur because of abnormal development of the embryo. Acquired diaphragmatic hernias are usually caused by traumatic injury.
Congenital diaphragmatic hernias most often occur to the back and sides of the diaphragm (more often on the left side than the right). Herniation in the front of the diaphragm is rare.
Diaphragmatic hernias can lead to protrusion of bowels into the chest cavity. Abnormal development of bowels and other organs may be associated and collapse of portions of the lungs can occur.
Congenital diaphragmatic hernias generally require surgical correction as ultimate treatment. Acquired diaphragmatic hernias may require operation, depending on the size and symptoms.
A diaphragmatic hernia is a birth defect in which there is an abnormal opening in the diaphragm, the muscle that helps you breathe. The opening allows part ...
Support and Research Organization for families and medical care providers of children and adults born with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH)
In 1679, Lazarus Riverius (1589-1655) recorded the first reported case of a congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH); this was following postmortem examination of ...
The diaphragm is the major muscle of respiration and the second most important muscle within the body after the heart.