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Definition of «HIV»


HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). HIV has also been called the human lymphotropic virus type III, the lymphadenopathy-associated virus and the lymphadenopathy virus. No matter what name is applied, it is a retrovirus. (A retrovirus has an RNA genome and a reverse transcriptase enzyme. Using the reverse transcriptase, the virus uses its RNA as a template for making complementary DNA which can integrate into the DNA of the host organism).

Although the American research Robert Gallo at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) believed he was the first to find HIV, it is now generally accepted that the French physician Luc Montagnier (1932-) and his team at the Pasteur Institute discovered HIV in 1983-84.

For More Information «HIV»

  • HIV: Definition from Answers.com

    Library > Literature & Language > Dictionary ( āch ' ī-vē ' ) n. A retrovirus that causes AIDS by infecting helper T cells of the immune system. The most common ...

  • AIDS - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

  • HIV Infection Symptoms, Signs, Treatment, Prevention Facts ...

    Read about HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) causes, symptoms, signs, treatment, prevention, transmission, facts, testing, research (vaccine), statistics and AIDS ...

  • Welcome to AIDS.gov

    CDC Estimates of New HIV Infections in the United States, 2006-2009. New CDC multi-year data shows that annual HIV infections in the U.S. relatively stable, yet an alarming ...

  • HIV.com

    The Web's premier resource for information on HIV and AIDS.

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