Generic Name: cyproheptadine (SIP roe HEP ta deen)Brand Names: Periactin
Cyproheptadine an antihistamine that reduces the natural chemical histamine in the body. Histamine can produce symptoms of sneezing, itching, watery eyes, and runny nose
Cyproheptadine is used to treat sneezing, itching, watery eyes, runny nose, and other symptoms of allergies.
Cyproheptadine may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.What is the most important information I should know about Periactin (cyproheptadine)?Always ask a doctor before giving a cold or allergy medicine to a child. Death can occur from the misuse of cold and allergy medicines in very young children. You should not use this medication if you are allergic to cyproheptadine, or if you have narrow-angle glaucoma, a stomach ulcer or obstruction, an enlarged prostate or urination problems, or if you are elderly or have a debilitating disease.
Before taking cyproheptadine, tell your doctor if you have glaucoma, a history of asthma, high blood pressure, heart disease, or an overactive thyroid.Cyproheptadine can cause side effects that may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be awake and alert. Avoid drinking alcohol. It can increase some of the side effects of cyproheptadine.What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking Periactin (cyproheptadine)?You should not use this medication if you are allergic to cyproheptadine, or if you have:
a stomach ulcer or obstruction;
an enlarged prostate or urination problems;
if you are having an asthma attack;
if you are elderly or have a debilitating disease.
If you have any of these other conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely use this medication:
a history of asthma;
high blood pressure;
heart disease; or
an overactive thyroid.
Take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take it in larger amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.Always ask a doctor before giving a cold or allergy medicine to a child. Death can occur from the misuse of cold and allergy medicines in very young children.
Measure liquid medicine with a special dose-measuring spoon or cup, not a regular table spoon. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.Store cyproheptadine at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to take the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
Overdose symptoms may include extreme drowsiness, confusion, hallucinations, very dry mouth, large pupils, pale skin, vomiting, or fainting.
confusion, hallucinations, unusual thoughts or behavior;
ringing in your ears;
feeling like you might pass out;
fast or pounding heartbeats;
easy bruising or bleeding;
urinating less than usual or not at all; or
pale or yellowed skin, dark colored urine, fever, or unusual weakness.
Less serious side effects may include:
mild drowsiness, dizziness, or spinning sensation;
restlessness or excitability (especially in children);
sleep problems (insomnia), tired feeling;
numbness or tingly feeling;
increased sweating or urination;
dry mouth or nose, upset stomach; or
nausea, diarrhea, constipation.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Tell your doctor about all other medications you use, especially an MAO inhibitor such as:
selegiline (Eldepryl, Emsam); or
This list is not complete and there may be other drugs that can interact with cyproheptadine. Tell your doctor about all your prescription and over-the-counter medications, vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.