Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «M»:
Medicated stent: See: Coated stent....
Medication: 1. A drug or medicine. 2. The administration of a drug or medicine. (Note that "medication" does not have the dangerous double meaning of "drug.")...
Medication, ACE-inhibitor: A drug that inhibits ACE
converting enzyme) which is important to the formation of
angiotensin II. Angiotensin II causes arteries in the body to
constrict and thereby raises the blood pressure. ACE inhibitors lower
the blood pressure by inhibiting the
Medication, anti-infective: Something capable of acting against infection, by inhibiting the spread of an infectious agent or by killing the infectious agent outright.
Anti-infective is a general term that encompasses antibacterials, antibiotics, antifungals, antiprotozoans and antivirals....
Medication, anti-platelet: Platelet-blocking drugs.
Drugs that, like aspirin, reduce the tendency of platelets in the blood to clump and clot....
Medication, antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections.
The original definition of an antibiotic was a substance produced by one microorganism that selectively inhibits the growth of another microorganism. However, wholly synthetic antibiotics (usually chemically related to natural antibi...
Medication, anticoagulant: A drug that is used as a "blood-thinner" to prevent the formation of blood clots and to maintain open blood vessels. Anticoagulants have various uses. Some are used for the prophylaxis (prevention) or the treatment of thromboembolic disorders. Thrombi are clots....
Medication, antifungal: A drug used to treat fungal infections.
Examples of antifungal drugs include miconazole (MONISTAT) and clotrimazole (LOTRIMIN, MYCELEX)....
Medication, antimicrobial: A drug used to treat a microbial infection.
Antimicrobial is a general term that refers to a group of drugs that includes antibiotics, antifungals, antiprotozoals, and antivirals....
Medication, antiprotozoal: Something that destroys protozoa or inhibits their growth and ability to reproduce.
A few of the protozoa of medical importance include Plasmodium (the cause of malaria); Entamoeba histolytica (the cause of amebiasis, amebic dysentery) and Trichomonas vaginalis (a cause o...
Medication, antiviral: An drug that kills viruses or
suppresses their replication and, hence, inhibits their capability to
multiply and reproduce.
For example, amantadine (BRAND name: SYMMETREL) is a synthetic (man-
made) drug that inhibits the multiplication of the influenza A virus
and has the...
Medication, beta-blocker: Drugs that antagonize the
action of adrenaline (a beta adrenergic substance) and relieve stress to the heart muscle.
Beta-blockers are often used to slow the heart rate or lower the blood pressure....
Medication, clot-dissolving: See: Thrombolytic agent....
Medication, generic: The term "generic" has several meanings as regards medications (drugs):
The chemical name of a drug.
A term referring to the chemical makeup of a drug rather than to the advertised brand name under which the drug is sold.
A term referring to any drug marketed under its
Medication, vasodilator: Drugs that act as blood vessel
dilator (vasodilators) and open vessels by relaxing their muscular walls). For example,
nitroglycerin is a vasodilator. So are the ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors.