Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «P»:
Prostate enlargement: Most prostatic enlargement is due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a problem that bothers men increasingly with advancing age. The process of BPH generally begins in a man's 30s, evolves very slowly and usually causes symptoms only after he has passed the half-century mar...
Prostate gland: A gland within the male reproductive
system that is located just below the bladder. Chestnut shaped, the prostate surrounds the beginning of the urethra, the canal that empties the bladder.
The prostate is actually not one but many glands, 30-50 in number, between which is abundant...
Prostate specific antigen
Prostate specific antigen: Widely known as PSA. See: PSA....
Prostate, nodular hyperplasia
Prostate, nodular hyperplasia: See: Benign prostatic hyperplasia....
Prostatectomy: The surgical removal of the prostate gland....
Prostatectomy, perineal: See:
Prostatectomy, radical: See: Radical prostatectomy....
Prostatectomy, retropubic: See: Retropubic prostatectomy....
Prostatic acid phosphatase
Prostatic acid phosphatase: (PAP) An enzyme that is normally present only in small amounts in the blood, but that may be found at higher levels in some patients with prostate cancer, especially if the cancer has spread beyond the prostate. However, blood levels may also be elevated in patients who h...
Prostatic hyperplasia, benign
Prostatic hyperplasia, benign: See: Benign prostatic hyperplasia....
Prostatic hypertrophy, benign
Prostatic hypertrophy, benign: See: Benign prostatic hyperplasia....
Prostatitis: Inflammation of the prostate gland, a very common health concern, accounting for up to 25% of all
medical office visits by young and middle-age men for problems
relating to the genital and urinary systems.
The prostate is a small organ about the size of a walnut that is
Prostatitis, acute bacterial
Prostatitis, acute bacterial: Inflammation of the prostate gland of sudden (acute) onset due to bacterial infection. The symptoms include chills, fever, pain in the lower back and genital area, body aches, burning or painful urination, and the frequent and urgent need to urinate. The urinary tract i...
Prostatitis, chronic bacterial
Prostatitis, chronic bacterial: Longstanding bacterial
infection of the prostate gland superimposed on a defect in the
prostate. (The prostate is a small organ below the bladder which
surrounds the urethra, the tube that carries urine down from the
bladder.) The symptoms can include low back pa...
Prostatitis, nonbacterial: Inflammation of the prostate not due to bacterial infection. The prostate is a walnut-sized organ below the male bladder that surrounds the urethra and contributes fluid to the semen.
Nonbacterial prostatitis is typically a chronic, painful disease. The symptoms (including...