Drugs Information Online
Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
Search
EN

Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «P»:

  1. Proteinuria Proteinuria
    Proteinuria: Excess protein in the urine. Some protein is normal in the urine. Too much means protein is leaking through the kidney, most often through the glomeruli. The main protein in human blood and the key to the regulation of the osmotic pressure of blood is albumin. Proteinuria is synonym...
  2. Proteolipid protein Proteolipid protein
    Proteolipid protein: Abbreviation: PLP. Also called lipophilin. The most abundant protein of myelin, the covering and insulation around nerves. The gene PLP1 that codes for PLP is on the X chromosome. Mutations in PLP cause Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD), an X-linked recessive disorder characte...
  3. Proteome Proteome
    Proteome: The complete set of proteins expressed and modified following their expression by the genome. The term "proteome" was coined from the PROTEin complement of the genOME in 1994 by Marc Wilkins, a graduate student at Macquarie University in Australia. The analysis of the proteome is proteomi...
  4. Proteomics Proteomics
    Proteomics: The study of the proteome, the complete set of proteins produced by a species, using the technologies of large-scale protein separation and identification. The term proteomics was coined in 1994 by Marc Wilkins who defined it as "the study of proteins, how they're modified, when and wher...
  5. Proteus syndrome Proteus syndrome
    Proteus syndrome: A disturbance of cell growth including benign tumors under the skin, overgrowth of the body, often more on one side than the other (hemihypertrophy), and overgrowth of fingers (macrodactyly). The syndrome is named after the Greek god Proteus the polymorphous who could change his ap...
  6. Prothrombin Prothrombin
    Prothrombin: A coagulation (clotting) factor that is needed for the normal clotting of blood. A cascade of biochemical events leads to the formation of the final clot. In this cascade, prothrombin is a precursor to thrombin. Prothrombin is also known as thrombinogen and, in medical jargon, as pro. ...
  7. Prothrombin 20210A mutation Prothrombin 20210A mutation
    Prothrombin 20210A mutation: See: Prothrombin mutation G20210A....
  8. Prothrombin G20210A mutation Prothrombin G20210A mutation
    Prothrombin G20210A mutation: See: Prothrombin mutation G20210A....
  9. Prothrombin mutation 20210A Prothrombin mutation 20210A
    Prothrombin mutation 20210A: See: Prothrombin mutation G20210A....
  10. Prothrombin mutation G20210A Prothrombin mutation G20210A
    Prothrombin mutation G20210A: A common genetic risk factor for thrombosis (clots) including deep venous thrombosis (DVT). This mutation in the gene encoding the clotting factor prothrombin is found in about 1 in 50 persons in the US. It raises the risk of thrombosis significantly for both males and ...
  11. Prothrombin time Prothrombin time
    Prothrombin time: A clotting test, the prothrombin time is done to test the integrity of part of the clotting scheme. The prothrombin time is commonly used as a method of monitoring the accuracy of blood thinning treatment (anticoagulation) with warfarin (Coumadin). Familiarly called the "pro time,"...
  12. Proto-oncogene Proto-oncogene
    Proto-oncogene: A normal gene which, when altered by mutation, becomes an oncogene that can contribute to cancer. Proto-oncogenes may have many different functions in the cell. Some proto-oncogenes provide signals that lead to cell division. Other proto-oncogenes regulate programmed cell death (apop...
  13. Protocol, Bruce Protocol, Bruce
    Protocol, Bruce: See: Bruce protocol....
  14. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging
    Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging: See: Magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging....
  15. Protozoa Protozoa
    Protozoa: A single-cell organism that can only divide within a host organism. Malaria is caused by a protozoa: Plasmodium. Other protozoan parasites Giardia and Toxoplasma. ...