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Definition of «Memory, short-term»

Memory, short-term

Memory, short-term: A system for temporarily storing and managing information required to carry out complex cognitive tasks such as learning, reasoning, and comprehension. Short-term memory is involved in the selection, initiation, and termination of information-processing functions such as encoding, storing, and retrieving data.

One test of short-term memory is memory span, the number of items, usually words or numbers, that a person can hold onto and recall. In a typical test of memory span, an examiner reads a list of random numbers aloud at about the rate of one number per second. At the end of a sequence, the person being tested is asked to recall the items in order. The average memory span for normal adults is 7.

Short-term memory is also termed recent or working memory.

For More Information «Memory, short-term»

  • Short-term memory: Definition from Answers.com

    Library > Science > Sci-Tech Dictionary ( ′shört ′tərm ′mem·rē ) ( psychology ) Conscious, brief retention of information that is currently being processed ...

  • Memory, short term - WikEd

    Definition and Description. Short-term memory is that part of memory corresponding to your active consciousness or awareness. (Mayer 2003) Your short term memory is a ...

  • Learning and Memory

    Learning and Memory. In cognitive psychology, there is one memory system, but it is normally divided into three functions for storage (Anderson, 2000): sensory, short-term ...

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