Vaccine, German measles: A vaccine designed to prevent rubella, or German measles.
German measles was once seen merely as a child's unpleasant rite of passage. It was thought to be a mild malady that was usually over and done in three days. So what?
Then an outbreak of rubella began in 1964. It lasted two years and infected more than 12 million people in the US alone. The epidemic affected some 20,000 American children, who were born deaf, mentally retarded or otherwise disabled because their mothers had rubella during pregnancy.
This disaster led to a campaign at NIH (the National Institutes of Health) to find a vaccine for rubella. Dr. Harry Martin Meyer, Jr. directed the effort, with Dr. Paul D. Parkman. Working rapidly, they introduced the first rubella vaccine in 1966, assuring safe and lasting immunity at low cost. Hank Meyer and Paul Parkman also devised a test to measure a person's immunity to rubella.
The rubella vaccine has since been refined into the vaccine now known as MMR for mumps, measles and rubella. The congenital rubella syndrome is now largely a chapter in the history of medicine, thanks to the rubella vaccine.
Get the facts on German measles (rubella) symptoms (red rash), causes (virus), infection during pregnancy and MMR vaccination. Learn how the disease is spread.
The rubella vaccine is a live attenuated (weakened) virus which is usually given as part of the MMR vaccine (protecting against measles, mumps, and rubella).
Questions & Answers. When did vaccines for measles, mumps, and rubella become available? The first measles vaccines (an inactivated and a live virus product) became ...
Vaccine Basics. Rubella, also known as German measles, is usually mild in children. But for adults â€” especially pregnant women â€” rubella can cause serious consequences.
Measles vaccine is usually administered as MMR, a combination vaccine that provides ... diseases often confused with measles include roseola and rubella (German measles).